There is no information about St. Cyprian’s youthful years nor about the schools he attended but considering his reputation at the age of 35 when he converted to Christianity. We deduce that St. Cyprian acquired a vast and deep secular culture.
St. Cyprian was the bishop of Carthage, was born around 210 in Carthage into a wealthy pagan noble family, and was named Caecilius Cyprianus, also nicknamed Thascius. We have no information about his youthful years nor about the schools he attended but considering his reputation at the age of 35 when he converted to Christianity. We deduce that he acquired a vast and profound secular culture.
His conversion to Christianity in 245 was prepared for a long time by the priest Caecilianus, whom St Cyprian revered and loved as a father. The transformation brought about a radical change in St Cyprian’s outlook on life, a change he is astonished by. He was endowed with two great virtues: purity and love.
Who was Cyprian of Carthage?
In 256, with the outbreak of Valerian’s persecution, St. Cyprian was exiled to Curubis in August. He was sentenced to death and executed on 14 September 258. He was conducted by the sword in Ager Sexti, near Carthage.
Saint Cyprian of Carthage was the father of Christian ecclesiology. His full name is Cecilius Ciprianus Tascius. He was born in about 210 into a wealthy family in Proconsular Asia, most likely in Carthage. Not having had to earn his living by the sweat of his brow or the use of arms, he devoted himself to study, becoming a refined orator and perhaps even a lawyer; at the same time, he did not deny himself the pleasures of life according to the customs of men of his rank.
Coming into contact with Christianity, he admired its doctrine, which he could not but acknowledge to be accurate, and the exemplary life of its members. However, he did not feel able to embrace so engaging a path. He justified himself by saying: “How is a radical transformation possible? How do I remove everything that grew with me and became second nature over time?”
Biography of Cyprian of Carthage
Full name: Cecilius Ciprianus Tascius
Date of birth: 0200 AD
Year of death: 14 September 0258 AD
The thread of life: 58 years
Place of birth: Carthage, North Africa
Father's name: Unknown- but he was pagan.
Mother's name: Pagan mother.
Spouse: He was never married
Physical appearance: slender, tall and brown-eyed
Summary of life: Cyprian was certainly a lay convert when he became bishop of Carthage in early 249. He refused the episcopate, but was coerced by the people. A small number opposed his election, including five priests who became his enemies. He confesses that he was rightly elected, after divine judgment, the vote of the people and the consent of the bishops.
Life lessons: By what he did, he sacrificed himself drastically. The conversion to Christianity in 245 was prepared for a long time by the priest Caecilianus, whom Saint Cyprian respected and loved as a father. The conversion brought about a radical change in St Cyprian's outlook on life, a change he himself is astonished by. He was endowed with two great virtues: chastity and love.
Life accomplishments: He was a great bishop, writer and martyr of the Christian faith in the church of Carthage.
Death cause: Martyrdom.
Biblical places from the times of Cyprian of Carthage
What was Cyprian known for?
As bishop, he was concerned with discipline in the Church, emphasizing obedience. St Cyprian, with the Church of Rome and the African Bishops, reprieved the apostates, but gradually, after a time of penance, except for the sick, when dying. St Cyprian made a unique contribution to the social sphere with the plague outbreak between 252-254 and a new wave of persecution, resulting in numerous acts of Christian charity and charity.
Saint Cyprian of Carthage was known for his outstanding contribution to the social realm. With the plague outbreak between 252-254 and a new wave of persecution, he involved himself in numerous acts of Christian mercy and intercession. In 256, the persecution of Valerian broke out, and St Cyprian was exiled to Curubis in August.
In 250, during the persecution of Emperor Decius, the number of Christians in Africa who apostatized increased. Therefore, to quell the unrest in the Church, St Cyprian withdrew to a hidden place. After about 15 months of absence, St Cyprian had much to do with those who had apostatized from Christianity and introduced penance as a general rule for their reintegration.
What did Cyprian teach?
Cyprian was a writer just like Origen, and his first Christian writing is Ad Donatum, a monologue addressed to a friend standing under a vine’s canopy. The only refuge is the Christian’s life of peace, study, and prayer.
ThrougCyprian teaches people Christianity’s true dogma and faith through his influence and works. Another early work states the affirmation of his Christian writings. It was Testament to Quirinum, written in two volumes. It contains passages of Holy Scripture arranged in sub-chapters to illustrate the passing of the Old Law and its fulfillment in Christ.
In his other works, Cyprian addresses himself to a Christian audience; his audience relishes his rapture, his style becoming more straightforward, powerful, and sometimes poetic, not to say flowery. It contains passages from Holy Scripture arranged in sub-chapters to illustrate the course of the Old Law and its fulfillment in Christ. On the whole, the beauty of the style has rarely been equaled by the Latin Fathers and never surpassed except by the matchless energy and wisdom of Blessed Jerome.
Why didn’t Novatus like Cyprian?
The discovery of a God who is Father and the new relationship of love he experienced towards him, which he later expressed admirably in the Commentary on the Lord’s Prayer, made him exclaim: “I have received a new spirit from heaven; the second birth (Baptism) has made me a new man; what before seemed doubtful has now acquired consistency, what was closed has been opened, the darkness has been lightened, what before was difficult has become easier.”
Cyprian did not please the priest Novatus and four others because they could not understand why the people preferred a man who had embraced the faith only three years after a life lived in the vices of paganism, simply because he was educated and in good health, leaving aside one of them who had always lived in the faith and had even passed the test of persecution. Novatus and his group began to make life difficult for the bishop, seeking every way, even the most dishonest, to depose him.
His conversion caused a sensation in Carthage and was a real triumph for Christians. Bishop Donatus very soon saw to it that he joined the college of presbyters, and a year later, in 259, when he died, St. Cyprian was acclaimed as his successor.
Key Verse related to Cyprian of Carthage
“There is one God and one Christ, and one Church, and one Chair founded on Peter by the word of the Lord. It is impossible to set up another altar or for another priesthood besides that one altar and that one priesthood. Whoever has gathered elsewhere is scattering.”
What did Cyprian of Carthage do?
Saint Cyprian is a great defender against charms, spells, and curses, but he is also known for healing those who seek his help.
St Cyprian performed miracles for a young boy left soulless by his step-grandmother. The woman was a witch and wanted to rid herself of her problems.
St. Cyprian, with the Church of Rome and the African Bishops, reprieved the apostates, but gradually, after a time of penance, except for the sick and dying. St Cyprian made a unique contribution to the social sphere with the plague outbreak between 252-254 and a new wave of persecution, resulting in numerous acts of Christian charity and charity.
In what year did Cyprian convene the council?
We have the Holy Fathers and Martyrs as models in the history of the Church. Saint Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage between 248 and 258, is a model in his words and deeds for the attitude of Christians in times of epidemic.
According to historical accounts, in 0251, Cyprian convened a council in Carthage where he wrote about the unity of the Christian church and the need for complete discipline.
By the middle of the 3rd century, Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire, although persecution by the authorities often turned bloody. An edict of Emperor Decius in January 250 required adherence to the Roman religion through sacrifices to official deities. The terror of persecution had not yet passed, for a contagious disease, the plague, had spread throughout the empire, causing many to die cruelly.
What are 3 of Cyprian’s remarkable writings?
Three of his writings, which have come down to us, illuminate Christian dignity in a time of trial for society.
The three great writings of Cyprian of Carthage are the following:
- “Of Mortality,” also known as the writing “on the plague,” indicates the symptoms and mode of manifestation of the disease
- “On the mortal condition of man.”
- “On the Unity of the Universal Church.”
St Cyprian writes about the sufferings caused by contagious disease, but he insists on the Christian attitude in times of trial, illness, and epidemic.
How did Saint Cyprian die?
An immoral young man from England asked the sorcerer Cyprian to help him win the love of young Iustina. The magician Cyprian tried the most excellent spells. All his attempts were in vain. Surprisingly, the demons had no power over Iustina and took their revenge on Ciprian himself.
According to historical accounts, Cyprian, the saint, died by being beheaded. Bishop Cyprian and the faithful Justine did not want to worship idols and did not renounce the Christian faith. After this firm refusal, Cyprian and Justina were tortured and eventually beheaded.
During the Christian persecution unleashed by the Roman Emperor Decius, Bishop Cyprian and the faithful Justina fell victim.
Which phrase is attributed to Cyprian of Carthage?
Saint Cyprian of Carthage is one of the most prominent confessors of the Church in North Africa in the early centuries of Christianity. He is distinguished from St Cyprian of Antioch, Syria, formerly a sorcerer whose memorial is celebrated on 2 October.
The most consecrated phrase attributed to Cyprian of Carthage is: “He who has not the mother church cannot have God as his father.”
After his writings, in 257, he is summoned from exile by Galerius Maximus. After unsuccessful attempts to attract him to paganism, he was sentenced to death and executed on 14 September 258.
- The Bishop of Carthage addresses his shepherds and encourages them to show the fruits of their faith in times of trial. So baptized in the name of the Most Holy Trinity, passed from death to life in the risen Christ, the Christian does not fear death.
- Saint Cyprian courageously proposes to the one to whom he addresses himself to convert and also choose the way of life in Christ: So come out of the heavy darkness of superstition and open your eyes to the shining light of our holy religion.
- Cyprian was endowed with two great virtues: purity and love.
Saint Cyprian of Carthage was one of the outstanding personalities of the Christian Church in the first half of the 3rd century. He came from a noble and wealthy family, his father being a senator of the most important city in Roman Africa. He received an outstanding education studying. Among other things, he taught rhetoric (and later introduced it) because his father’s wishes and the custom of the time destined him for a public career.
In agreement with the Church of Rome and the African bishops, St Cyprian reprieved the apostates, but gradually, after a time of penance, except for the terminally ill. He had to take harsh measures against his opponents in the episcopate, who predicted a split in the Church. By excommunicating them. In this, he also had the agreement of the African bishops convened at the Synod of Carthage in 251.
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Quizlet related to Saint Cyprian of Carthage
- Bakker, H. (2010). Cyprian of Carthage: studies his life, language, and also thought. Peeters.
- Burns, J. P. (2009). Cyprian of Carthage. The Expository Times, 120(10), 469-477.
- Brent, A. (2010). Cyprian and Roman Carthage. Cambridge University Press.
- Clarke, G. W. (Ed.). (1984). The Letters of St. Cyprian of Carthage (No. 33-44). Paulist Press.
- Fitzgerald, P. J. (1998). Also, A Model for Dialogue: Cyprian of Carthage on ecclesial discernment. Theological Studies, 59(2), 236-253.