John Calvin was persuaded by Guillaume Farel to accompany him to Geneva in an attempt to reform the city. Initially, the city magistrates rejected the reformers’ presence. However, in 1541 Calvin managed to win their acceptance and was thus able to found the Reformed Church. This was to become the centre of Calvinism.
Jean Calvin was one of the most brilliant reformers who led to a movement that revolutionized the Christian Church in Europe, America and eventually the rest of the world. Calvin saw salvation differently from Martin Luther or the Roman Catholic Church. According to his theory, God divides humanity into two: the elect, meaning those who will be saved and taken to heaven, and the damned, who will spend eternity in hell. This doctrine he called predestination.
Calvin was born in 1509 in the French town of Noyon, into a family that was on good terms with the town’s bishop. This contact was an opportunity to associate with several noble families and gave him the opportunity to develop his own aristocratic style.
What did John Calvin teach?
Initially, the city magistrates rejected the reformers’ presence. However, in 1541 Calvin managed to win their acceptance and was thus able to found the Reformed Church. This was to become the centre of Calvinism. Jean destroyed his health by immersing himself in studies that included learning Greek and reading extensively in both Greek and the Latin of the church fathers. In time, it became clear to Jean’s father that he could no longer be sure of the church dignitaries. No longer convinced that his son could achieve high office, he sent him to Orleans to pursue a career in law.
The teachings of John Calvin influence much of Protestantism to this day, helping to transform medieval society into a modern one.
Clavin’s major teachings are as follows:
- The starting point of the genuine Christian life is personal conversion, which is the exclusive work of God and not of the human mind.
- Salvation is given to us as a gift, by faith, without any merit. Calvin’s faith is an unshakeable trust in divine wisdom, strengthened by studying the Scriptures. Knowledge of God comes from the Word, not from contemplation of nature or philosophy.
- The Bible is the perfect expression of divine revelation. There is no qualitative difference between the Old and New Testaments. Both are normative and complementary. Israel and the church are two faces of God’s people, with Christ as their spiritual centre.
In his seminal work, Institutes of the Christian Religion (Institutio Christianae Religionis), Calvin argues that God has, since the foundation of the world, by decree established two realities: who are those who will be saved and who are those who will be condemned. The conclusion of God’s double choice from the beginning is also the fruit of Calvin’s experience.
Who was John Calvin in the Reformation?
He hoped that this would give his son a career as a bishop’s clerk and with it a good income. These studies culminated in a degree in arts from the College de Montaigu, an institution known for its excessive moral and academic rigour.
According to historical sources, Calvin was in the Reformation the who had established a firm doctrinal line at the Council of Trent, while the newly founded Jesuit Company was beginning the Counter-Reformation, an ideological drive to reclaim territory lost to Catholicism.
George Whitefield, one of the leaders of the Methodist movement, was also a follower of Calvin. Whitefield took the Calvinist message and carried it to the American colonies, becoming the most influential preacher of his time.
What did Calvinists believe?
In 1553, the Spanish scholar Michael Servetus came to Geneva and questioned the Trinity, a key doctrine of Christianity. To spread his teachings, Calvin established primary and secondary schools and the University of Geneva. The city also became a refuge for reformers fleeing persecution in their own countries.
According to historians, Calvinists’ belief in predestination (salvation or damnation from the beginning of time) and man’s inability to change it were the most influential of all reform ideas.
In 1559, Calvin revised his work The Institutions of the Christian Religion. It was translated into several languages for distribution throughout Europe. His health began to fail in 1564, and in May of that year he died and was buried in Geneva.
What caused John Calvin to break away from the Catholic Church?
What is Calvinism best known for?
What is Calvinistic theory?
The highest ideal of life was that of the ecclesiastical minister. Who abandoned ordinary life to devote himself to spiritual life. No matter where you are born, effort, poise, thrift, zeal in doing your duty. Elevates you to the highest rung of humanity and makes you the equal of nobles and princes.
The Calvinist theory of the Church of Rome betrayed the teaching of the apostles and forefathers of the early centuries. Thus the “Protestant” and “Reformed” are not the bastards of Christianity, but its true representatives.
His first published work was a commentary on the Roman philosopher Seneca’s De clementia. He soon adopted the principles of the Reformation, which he began to propagate in Paris from 1532. Threatened with imprisonment, he fled to Nérac under the protection of the Protestant Margaret of Navarre.
- Calvin recognizes only two sacraments (sacraments): baptism and communion (communion). He rejects the dogma of the real presence of the “body and blood of the Lord” in communion. The invocation of saints, the institution of the episcopate.
- Calvin believes in an absolute predestination of the elect and those condemned to “last judgement”, thus completely rejecting free will. Calvin’s publications spread his ideas of a properly Reformed church to many parts of Europe.
- Calvinism became the religion of the majority of the population in Scotland, the Netherlands and parts of northern Germany and had a great influence in Hungary and Poland.
Jean Calvin, or simply Calvin was a French religious reformer. Along with Martin Luther, he was one of the initiators of the Protestant Reformation. In opposition to certain dogmas and rites of the Roman Catholic Church. He lived here for almost half his life.
Calvin’s health began to deteriorate and he suffered from migraines, pulmonary haemorrhages, gout and kidney stones. He spent his private life on Lake Geneva, reading Scripture and drinking red wine. Towards the end of his life, he would say to his friends who were suffering from his daily regimen of work. “What, do you want the Lord to find me idle when he comes?”