He studied rhetoric at a young age. Impressed by Hortensius of Cicero, he turned to philosophy. He followed Manichaeism first, then skepticism, and finally Neoplatonism. After Ambrose of Milan converted to Christianity (387), he became bishop of the North African hippo, Regius, in 396.
Who is Saint Augustine?
St Augustine was born in Tagaste (now Souk Ahras), Numidia, in northern Africa, in 354. His father, Patricius, was a pagan, and his mother (Saint Monica) was a devout Christian. Augustine’s elementary education, received in his hometown, was Christian.
According to historical sources, Saint Augustine is one of the most important Christian theologians and philosophers whose works substantially altered European thought. His work forms a bridge between ancient and medieval philosophy.
His theology influenced the thought of Martin Luther, who had originally belonged to the Augustinian order.
Biography of Saint Augustine of Hippo
Full name: Augustine of Hippo
Year of birth: 13 November 0354 AD
Year of death: 28 August 0430 AD
Birth place: Thagaste, Numidia
Feast Day: 28 August
Death cause: Martyrdom.
What did Augustine of Hippo do?
Augustine identifies the City of God with the Church. He explains the fall of the Roman Empire because it had become a pagan place, which had to make way for the Citadel of God, the Church.
According to historical sources, in the years 373 – 383, St. Augustine is a professor of Rhetoric, first at Tagaste and then at Carthage. During this period, he was engaged in Cicero’s Hortensius dialogue, which urges the love of eternal wisdom, which would change his life, taking a decisive turn: St Augustine would become a Manichaean.
After a short time, the Manichaean bishop Faustus could not answer his questions, and Augustine withdrew from the sect. He goes to Rome to find a school of rhetoric but does not have the success he expected; in 384, he travels to Milan, where he meets the Christian bishop Ambrose.
According to this theory, man can control his passions (indifference) without God’s intervention. Due to this ability, human beings have an absolute responsibility to avoid evil through their efforts. There is no hierarchy of sin, and no evil is beyond the control of human agents.
Key Verse related to St Augustine of Hippo
“Thou hast made us for thyself, O Lord, and our heart is restless until it finds its rest in thee.”
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